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UPE Contributes To Lowering Fertility Rate In Uganda- Research

The study analyzed the Contribution of Universal Primary Education in lowering Fertility rate in Uganda.

According to Makerere University School of Statistics and Planning, College of Business and Management Sciences (CoBAMS), the  study was guided by two objectives which included establishing the effect of Universal Primary Education in reducing Fertility rate and examining the relationship between education of women and Fertility Rate.

The study employed a quantitative research approach and secondary data was used in analyising the phenomenon. A regression model was employed to test for the effect of universal primary data on the fertility rate.

The researcher performed a runs test for stationarity in the data. The study findings revealed that the P- value (0.7043) for enrollment was greater than 0.05 the significant level, which meant that fertility Rate depends on the enrollment of girls in UPE (ENR).

Also the P-value (0.0002) for dropout rate was less than 0.05 the confidence level which implied that Fertility rate depend on dropout rates of girls (DRT).

The study findings on the relationship between education and fertility rate revealed that the correlation coefficient was (0.772) which implied that there is a strong positive correlation of 77.2% between education level of the girls and fertility of a country and also since the P-value (0.001) was less than 0.05 the confidence level, it implied that there is a strong positive significant correlation between education of the participant and fertility rate.

The study recommends that the Government should increase on the money allocated for universal primary education programme. Since the findings have revealed that the fertility rate is influenced by the academic level of the women, there is need for the Government to put favorable conditions to non-governmental organizations that assist girls while in schools since they have helped them to reduce on the number of girls dropping out of schools.

There is need to teach students on the use of contraceptives when still at school. This will reduce on the fertility rate among women in the future and this will be enforced since many young girls especially those in villages who are prone to early pregnancy will receive the information about the use of contraceptives.

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