A new United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) report has indicated a dip in the total fertility rate of Ugandan women, to 5.3 children.
The UNFPA report titled, “State of the world population 2019” that was launched at Golden Tulip Hotel – Kampala, last week shows that Ugandan Women’s fertility rate has steadily declined from 7.1 and 7.0 in 1969 and 1994 respectively.
Commenting about the report, Mr. Alain Sibenaler, the UNFPA country representative attributed the slight decrease in fertility levels to long term commitments like education and use of modern contraceptive methods among other factors.
“There are three factors that contribute to fertility reduction and this is not about controlling the population. It is just a natural phenomenon that has happened all over the world and Uganda is no exception. What really reduces this is access to modern methods of family planning and education,” he said.
The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) is the number of children a woman would have if she was subject to prevailing fertility rates at all ages from a single given year, and survives throughout all her childbearing years.
This fall coincides with a hike in the net enrollment for girl children into school.
This paper states that between; 2009 to 2018 the adjusted primary school net enrollment for girls and boys has risen to 90% and 92% respectively.
Meanwhile, Sibenaler decried increased adolescent birth rate which he said must be worked on urgently. This report indicates that between the years 2006 to 2017, out of 1,000 girls aged (15-19), 140 were giving birth.
For the years 2006-2017, 40% of girls countrywide were married off before clocking 18 years.
This report states shows 140 girls out of 1,000 of ages 15-19 were giving birth each year beginning with 2006 to 2017.
In the mid-20th century, it is said that an average African woman had about five children and their lives were riddled with abuses of all kinds. Whereas there are gains to be celebrated, experts say there still remains much to be done especially putting into perspective the resolutions of the 1994 Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) conference.
As such, this week the United Nations Population Fund launched the state of world report at Golden Tulip Report