Despite the progress registered by the East African Community (EAC), a lot needs to be done to realize the full benefits of integration.
EAC Secretary General Amb. Liberat Mfumukeko revealed that since the Treaty for the Establishment of the EAC was signed 20 years ago, the EAC had registered great achievements such as implementation of various projects and programmes under the Customs Union, Common Market, Monetary Unions and Political Federation Pillars.
“Besides the multiple achievements registered, there are several challenges that hinder the effective implementation of the EAC integration agenda,” said Amb Mfumukeko, adding that non-compliance to signed Protocols by Partner States remains a crucial hurdle for the Community.
“In July 2019, we will be marking nine years since the Common Market Protocol came into force. Unfortunately, some Partner States are yet to approximate or harmonize their national laws, policies and systems,” said the SG.
“As a result, the full implementation of the Common Market protocol remains challenging. Subsequently, the free movement of persons and factors of production anticipated to spur regional economic growth remain restrained,” he added.
Mfumukeko was Friday speaking when he officially opened a Strategic Retreat of the EAC Council of Ministers and Heads of EAC Organs and Institutions at the Kigali Convention Center in Kigali, Rwanda.
The 29th March, 2019 Retreat is themed: “Renewing our commitment to the objectives of the Community, accelerating our integration agenda.”
He said the Secretariat often times receives many complaints from the citizens on the various challenges they face at customs and immigration desks.
These include: the denial of entry into a Partner State without being furnished with the reasons for the denial; the confiscation of travel documents by immigration officials upon arrival into a Partner State followed by the requirement to report to a police station daily, similarly without due process.
Students enrolled in Universities different from their Partner State of origin were also still being charged tuition fees as an International Student.
“These not only restrict the free movement of persons as enshrined in the Common Market Protocol, but also water down the achievements of the Community,” added the Secretary General.
Amb Mfumukeko further reiterated that while the late disbursement of statutory contributions by Partner States to the EAC affect the implementation of EAC activities, 50% of the EAC main budget was currently donor funded and appealed to the Partner States to establish an alternative financing mechanism for the Community.
The Secretary General also urged the Council of Ministers to review the decision making process of the Community to ensure efficiency and timeliness.
“There are issues that have been on the table for more than 8 years, such as the institutional Review and the Alternative Financing Mechanism for the Community”, he said.
Nevertheless, Mfumukeko said the Retreat presented a key platform to not only celebrate the achievements registered by the Community in the past 20 years, but also an opportunity to collectively address the challenges in implementing the EAC integration agenda.
Amb. Mfumukeko said that since the Treaty for the Establishment of the EAC was signed 20 years ago, the EAC had registered great achievements.
He said several Sectoral Councils have been established to better facilitate the implementation of the various EAC Sectoral projects and programmes.
The Secretary General urged the Council of Ministers to revisit the roles, composition and functions of various Sectoral Councils and Committees.
Kagame speaks out
As reported by ChimpReports earlier, The Chairperson of the Summit of East African Community, President Paul Kagame urged EAC Partner States to urgently address all matters impeding the swift implementation of the various regional integration projects and programmes.
“There is urgent need to take ownership of this integration agenda, and this includes Partner States remitting our statutory contributions on time,” said President Kagame.
“As the African continent is coming together, the EAC has all that is needed and all that it takes to lead this process at the continental level,” he added.
President Kagame further said that that the EAC regional integration agenda should be focused on the people and the business community.
“We have to listen to the people and to the businesses; and it is only by working together that we will be able to spur economic growth in our region,” he said.
Rwandan Minister of Foreign Affairs and EAC Cooperation, Hon. Dr. Richard Sezibera, said that the Retreat comes at a time when there was need to assess fundamental issues affecting EAC integration.
“While we have achieved much, there is always room to assess our progress and plan on ways to better deliver our agenda,” said Dr. Sezibera, who is also the Chairperson of the EAC Council of Ministers.
The Strategic Retreat was convened to provide an avenue to discuss ways in which value can be delivered on important aspects of the EAC integration, including the state of implementation of the EAC integration pillars, management and coordination of EAC Organs and Institutions in advancing the integration agenda and finally the role and expectations of the private sector and civil society in the EAC integration.
The retreat is expected to adopt a report containing recommendations and the timeline of their implementation.
Among those attending the retreat are members of the EAC Council of Ministers, Principal Secretaries/Permanent Secretaries/Under Secretaries, Heads of EAC Organs and Institutions, and representatives of the Private Sector and Civil Society.