The Office on the Prime Minister (OPM) together with UNICEF launched the Emerging Global Challenges report last evening at the Statistics House.
The report was based on protecting Ugandan children from the main two challenges: climate related hazards and urbanization.
The Chief of Communication at UNICEF, Jaya Murthy, said that climate change causes malnourishment and stunted growth in children.
“Poor sanitation, malaria, famine, drought are all caused by climate change and those most affected are children,” he added.
According to the study, Uganda is said to be increasing rapidly in urbanization. This is also a threat to children livelihood.
“1% of people in urban areas live below the poverty line and 14% children live in poor household,” Mr. Murthy pointed out.
He said that rapid urbanization has led to the increase in street children, sexual violence, high prone to STDs and high levels of illiteracy in Uganda.
“57% of Uganda’s population is children and they are the most vulnerable to these challenges,” said Martin Owori, the Commissioner for Relief and disaster preparedness who was representing the State Minister.
The report helps to identify the key policy recommendations that ensure children and young women are protected.
Some of the key policy recommendations include: improving the quality of education, provide training in skills necessary, strengthening the capacity to forecast climate shocks, controlling disease outbreak among others.
Uganda is the first country globally, with clear recommendations, to address problems coming from climate change and rapid urbanization.
The launch was in conjunction with National Planning Authority, Kampala Capital City Authority and Uganda Bureau of Statistics