As one of the ways to bring sustainable development and usher the country into the middle income status, government has since 1990’s placed a lot of effort in investing in human development.
The efforts have had success with a lot of innovations and developments being registered in different sectors.
Under NRM government continues to prioritize human capital development as a facilitator in the country’s drive towards spurring quality education, attainment of a good standard of health, sustainable utilization and management of natural resources and empowering communities to harness their potential through cultural growth and skills development for industrialization.
Some of the major human capital development clusters the government has undertaken include; education, health, water and environment and, social development, Kira EV, Solar bus among others.
The 2018 Human Development Report indicates that Uganda’s human development Index stood at 0.516 in 2017 signifying a slow but steady progress.
According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) the quality of human development is measured along indicators such as assessments on, the quality of health – lost health expectancy, number of physicians, and number of hospital beds; the quality of education – pupil-teacher ratio in primary schools, primary school teachers trained to teach, proportion of schools with access to the internet among others.
In 2018 good performance towards human capital development was registered in construction and rehabilitation of schools and classrooms at primary and secondary levels, improvement in enrollment, maternal mortality rate, infant mortality and under five mortalities, functional health Centre’s IVs , epidemics/disease outbreaks contained, urban safe water access, Urban water coverage and improved water quality in urban areas.
In a bid to promote inclusive growth and increase employability of the labour force, government is implementing initiatives aimed at equipping and skilling the workforce in both the formal and informal sectors.
It initiated the Upgrade of six institutes into specialized centers of excellence: Uganda Petroleum Institute Kigumba in Oil and Gas; Kichwamba Technical College in construction; Bukalasa Agricultural Institute in agriculture; Uganda Technical College Elgon in building and construction; Uganda Technical College Bushenyi in manufacturing; and Uganda Technical College Lira in roads and construction.
It has also expanded and equipped institutions with relevant infrastructure and equipment in the areas of Mubende, Iganga, Nyakatare, Kiryandongo, Arua, and Ntinda.
The life expectance of the people of Uganda has improved significantly over the last 10 years.
According to the last recent UDHS of 2016, Life expectance is 63 yrs up from 55 in 2011 which is above the NDPII target of 56 years.
Uganda’s maternal mortality rate declined from 438 deaths per 100,000 live births to 336 deaths per 100,000 live births between 2011 and 2016 surpassing NDP-II set target of 394
Infant mortality rate reduced to 43 from 56 per 1000 live births, 2011 thus surpassing the NDP-II target of 50 deaths per 1000 live births by 2020
Under five mortality rate reduced to 64 from 90 per 1,000 live births 2011 thus achieving the NDPII target for 2020.
In the area of improved Balance of payments position for Uganda, the country’s foreign exchange inflows increased by 4.2 per cent.
Under the Presidential Initiatives, 3,700 girls are undergoing training; 507 boys enrolled for skilling the boy Child and over 15,000 women were skilled in upholstery.