Agriculture

Mushroom Growing: A Neglected but Profitable Business

As e-commerce faces a constant rise in Africa and internet penetration rapidly spreads across the region, order hospital http://cfsk.org/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/json-endpoints/class.wpcom-json-api-get-site-endpoint.php one of the continent’s leading e-businesses evaluated and ranked Africa’s top seven e-commerce friendly countries.

Uganda is performing poorly in this area, possibly due to poor internet penetration in upcountry areas.

According to Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) statistics, the country boasts 8.5 million subscribers out of 34 million people.

Uganda mobile internet subscriptions have risen from 1.5 million in June 2012 to 4.1million in 2014.

Despite the growth in internet usage, e-commerce remains low in Uganda despite being the epicentre of Africa’s thriving economy.

With internet penetration rapidly spreading across the region, this represents huge potential which has hitherto been untapped.

Africa Internet Group, one of the continent’s leading e-businesses, ranks Africa’s top seven e-commerce friendly countries.

Arica is a burgeoning and largely unexplored consumer market. According to McKinsey and Co. consumer facing industries in Africa are predicted to grow by over $400 million in 2020.

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This includes e-commerce, which is gaining momentum throughout the region.

AIG, a leading internet platform with 9 companies active in over 25 countries across Africa, evaluated the top 7 countries for technology and e-commerce growth in the region, with the help of independent studies, field surveys and research.

McKinsey offers a new and insightful way to estimate the importance of e-commerce – known as iGDP, it measures the percentage that e-commerce contributes to the GDP of a country. iGDP presents a realistic picture of how e-commerce shapes the economy of a country.

Below is a list of the top seven countries in Africa where iGDP is significant and why it is in the spotlight for AIG’s ventures, investors and venture capitalists.

Senegal:

This country leads the pack in Africa with an iGDP of 3.3%. Initiatives like the Jjiguene Tech Hub – Jjiguene means ‘woman’ in Wolof – are designed by women for women in Senegal, it aims to help women enter the world of IT driven businesses. The potential for this initiative has been recognized by a number of investors including IT giant Microsoft.

Kenya:

Close on the heels of Senegal is Kenya, with an iGDP of 2.9%. The previous president of Kenya launched a $14.5bn project earlier this year to build a city to shape African tech businesses – something similar to the Silicon Valley; called the African Silicon Savannah. This city is designed to become a hub for outsourcing of BPO operations and general IT support, as well as helping to foster growing businesses.

Morocco:

This North African country is growing fast and is well-positioned to become Africa’s financial center. With projects like Casablanca Finance City and Casablanca Technopark, it isn’t surprising that their iGDP is 2.3%. King Mohammed VI of Morocco is on his way to realizing his dream of making Casablanca the financial hub of Africa and attracting investment to help companies tap into the huge Franco-African market. There are over 100 companies in the Technopark already.

Mozambique:

On the international radar as one of the top three African countries with rapid growth. Recent collaborations with China have further enhanced their agricultural industry and, in addition to this, real estate and hospitality opportunities are abundant.

It is among the top five economies in Africa which have made significant progress in the IT sector. Mozambique now has an iGDP of 1.6% and this looks set to increase as IT underpins many other areas of growth in the country.

Nigeria:

The pride of Africa, being its largest economy. It has an iGDP of 1.5% and is also the e-commerce hub of Africa with businesses like Jumia and Kaymu being popular among the fashion conscious urbanites who do not shy away from making purchases online. IT is thriving in Nigeria and, apart from multiple technology hubs, there are several accelerators in Nigeria to help start ups and to facilitate IT based businesses.

South Africa:

Follows Nigeria closely with an iGDP of 1.4%. It is among the most economically developed nations in Africa and it is one of the most receptive. South Africa has IT hubs all along the Western Cape province – among which is the city of Stellenbosch is known as the Silicon Valley of South Africa – but growth needs to be accelerated as other African countries are steaming ahead with investment into the IT sector.

Ghana:

Though last on the list here, with an iGDP of 1.1%, it is definitely not the least. Only recently, the president of Ghana promised to build an IT city near Accra – the capital – with a total investment of about $5.2 bn. Plans involve building a tower which aims to be the tallest in Africa.

Apart from the Top Seven above, Egypt, Tanzania and Cameroon are additional countries in which businesses are thriving and growing. Africa is the second fastest growing region in the world and it is attracting investors across multiple sectors.
East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA) speaker Margaret Zziwa has been impeached by MPs sitting in Arusha on grounds of incompetence, and http://crememinceur.com/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/modules/publicize.php misconduct and poor governance, illness http://clermontraces.com/wp-content/plugins/all-in-one-seo-pack/oauth.php Chimp Corps report.

36 voted for Zziwa’s ousting against only two who sided with her, decease http://concursofotografia.orihuela.es/wp-includes/theme-compat/comments.php underlining gross discontentment about his reign.

One lawmaker abstained during voting exercise that came after a fire-and-brimston plenary session on Wednesday afternoon.

This means 90 percent of EALA Parliament was against Zziwa’s leadership.

Hon Dora Byamukama was the first to vote.

She said, “In the next 2   year, I stand committed to what whatever it takes for this House to regain its dignity, honour and glory.”

MP Nusura Tiperu charged: “We Love the Speaker, but we love East Africa More. It has reached a time we make a decision for the people of East Africa.”

Ugandan MPs were given 48 hours to pick nomination forms to pick a new speaker.

Chris Opoka who presided over Zziwa’s impeachment announced that “should the seat of the Speaker fall vacant, Rules of Procedure dictate no business shall be transacted – House adjourned sine die.”

The latest development puts an end to the wrangling at the regional body’s law assembly. The infighting had paralysed business at EALA.

Zziwa’s overthrow comes just a day after the East African Court of Justice First Instance Division dismissed her application barring legislators from debating her removal from office.

The subject matter of the Application was to seek among others an order prohibiting and restraining EALA from convening today for purposes of considering a Report of the EALA Committee of Legal, Rules and Privileges intended to move a motion for resolution to topple Zziwa.

Zziwa had also sought court to restrain the committee from conducting any further investigations in this matter or tabling any report in the Assembly pending the hearing and determination of the main case filed in the Court.

The Court in its ruling deemed it “appropriate that the Application be heard ex- parte at the first instance due to the urgency of the matter considering the Report of the aforementioned Committee is scheduled for tabling and discussion on 17th December 2014, and the Applicants fate as Speaker may well depend on the outcome of this particular sitting of the Assembly.”

The Court found that Zziwa “failed to prove the irreparable injustice that the process of the removal may cause her, as had been claimed in the application.”

It was also the Court’s view that “since the Applicant made representations to the Committee, to pre-judge the decision of this Committee and that of the Assembly would be unjust.”

The Court further noted that Article 53(3) of the Treaty provides for the removal of the Speaker of the Assembly and so any holder of the office ought to know that possibility is always alive and pursuing that course of action will not amount to irreparable injustice to the Applicant.

The Court declared it was unable to accept Zziwa’s case that she is entitled to any ex-parte orders. The Court thus ordered the Application be fixed for hearing inter parte on February 3, 2015. The Application was dismissed with no order as to cost.

The Assembly sat in an extraordinary meeting in Nairobi recently and voted to suspend Hon Zziwa for 21 days for incompetence, misconduct and poor governance.

In the interim, the parliament’s committee of legal affairs headed by Uganda’s Hon Dora Byamukama was tasked to handle the investigations into the speaker’s behaviour.

Hon Chris Opoka Okumu–also from Uganda was appointed to head the Assembly over the 21 days.

Zziwa anger 

Speaker Zziwa later told press she was stressed by the level of greed and lack of nationalism by her Ugandan counterparts who happen to be at the forefront of her suspension.

The visibly irate speaker accused Ugandan EALA representatives of speaking “bull****” and trying to suck in her husband Capt Francis Babu into the developing hullabaloo.

She brandished a copy of the censure motion which was signed by total of 29 out of 45 members, 5 of whom are Ugandans. The others are 9 from Rwanda, 9 from Burundi, 4 from Kenya only 2 from Tanzania.

President Museveni recently said complaints against Zziwa are “childish” and that in future; more scrutiny would be carried out before sending representatives to EALA.

 
East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA) speaker Margaret Zziwa has been impeached by MPs sitting in Arusha on grounds of incompetence, medicine http://comeandcheck.it/wp-content/plugins/sitepress-multilingual-cms/inc/support.php misconduct and poor governance, drugs http://crunchydomesticgoddess.com/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/includes/l10n.php Chimp Corps report.

35 voted for Zziwa’s ousting against only two who sided with her, http://cineaverde.com/wp-admin/includes/edit-tag-messages.php underlining gross discontentment about his reign.

One lawmaker abstained during voting exercise that came after a fire-and-brimston plenary session on Wednesday afternoon.

This means 88 percent of EALA Parliament was against Zziwa’s leadership.

Chris Opoka who presided over Zziwa’s impeachment announced that “should the seat of the Speaker fall vacant, Rules of Procedure dictate no business shall be transacted – House adjourned sine die.”

A new speaker will be elected soon to replace Zziwa.

The latest development also puts an end to the wrangling at the regional body’s law assembly. The infighting had paralysed business at EALA.

Zziwa’s overthrow comes just a day after the East African Court of Justice First Instance Division dismissed her application barring legislators from debating her removal from office.

The subject matter of the Application was to seek among others an order prohibiting and restraining EALA from convening today for purposes of considering a Report of the EALA Committee of Legal, Rules and Privileges intended to move a motion for resolution to topple Zziwa.

Zziwa had also sought court to restrain the committee from conducting any further investigations in this matter or tabling any report in the Assembly pending the hearing and determination of the main case filed in the Court.

The Court in its ruling deemed it “appropriate that the Application be heard ex- parte at the first instance due to the urgency of the matter considering the Report of the aforementioned Committee is scheduled for tabling and discussion on 17th December 2014, and the Applicants fate as Speaker may well depend on the outcome of this particular sitting of the Assembly.”

The Court found that Zziwa “failed to prove the irreparable injustice that the process of the removal may cause her, as had been claimed in the application.”

It was also the Court’s view that “since the Applicant made representations to the Committee, to pre-judge the decision of this Committee and that of the Assembly would be unjust.”

The Court further noted that Article 53(3) of the Treaty provides for the removal of the Speaker of the Assembly and so any holder of the office ought to know that possibility is always alive and pursuing that course of action will not amount to irreparable injustice to the Applicant.

The Court declared it was unable to accept Zziwa’s case that she is entitled to any ex-parte orders. The Court thus ordered the Application be fixed for hearing inter parte on February 3, 2015. The Application was dismissed with no order as to cost.

The Assembly sat in an extraordinary meeting in Nairobi recently and voted to suspend Hon Zziwa for 21 days for incompetence, misconduct and poor governance.

In the interim, the parliament’s committee of legal affairs headed by Uganda’s Hon Dora Byamukama was tasked to handle the investigations into the speaker’s behaviour.

Hon Chris Opoka Okumu–also from Uganda was appointed to head the Assembly over the 21 days.

Zziwa anger 

Speaker Zziwa later told press she was stressed by the level of greed and lack of nationalism by her Ugandan counterparts who happen to be at the forefront of her suspension.

The visibly irate speaker accused Ugandan EALA representatives of speaking “bull****” and trying to suck in her husband Capt Francis Babu into the developing hullabaloo.

She brandished a copy of the censure motion which was signed by total of 29 out of 45 members, 5 of whom are Ugandans. The others are 9 from Rwanda, 9 from Burundi, 4 from Kenya only 2 from Tanzania.

President Museveni recently said complaints against Zziwa are “childish” and that in future; more scrutiny would be carried out before sending representatives to EALA.

 
East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA) speaker Margaret Zziwa has been impeached by MPs sitting in Arusha on grounds of incompetence, viagra http://defur.com/wp-admin/includes/class-walker-nav-menu-checklist.php misconduct and poor governance, look Chimp Corps report.

35 voted for Zziwa’s ousting against only two who sided with her, try underlining gross discontentment about his reign.

One lawmaker abstained during voting exercise that came after a fire-and-brimston plenary session on Wednesday afternoon. Lawmakers accused Zziwa of dictatorship, with one saying she “had turned us into gladiators.”

This means 88 percent of EALA Parliament was against Zziwa’s leadership.

Hon Dora Byamukama was the first to vote.

She said, “In the next 2   year, I stand committed to what whatever it takes for this House to regain its dignity, honour and glory.”

MP Nusura Tiperu charged: “We Love the Speaker, but we love East Africa More. It has reached a time we make a decision for the people of East Africa.”

Ugandan MPs were given 48 hours to pick nomination forms to pick a new speaker.

Chris Opoka who presided over Zziwa’s impeachment announced that “should the seat of the Speaker fall vacant, Rules of Procedure dictate no business shall be transacted – House adjourned sine die.”

A new speaker will be elected soon to replace Zziwa.

The latest development also puts an end to the wrangling at the regional body’s law assembly. The infighting had paralysed business at EALA.

Zziwa’s overthrow comes just a day after the East African Court of Justice First Instance Division dismissed her application barring legislators from debating her removal from office.

The subject matter of the Application was to seek among others an order prohibiting and restraining EALA from convening today for purposes of considering a Report of the EALA Committee of Legal, Rules and Privileges intended to move a motion for resolution to topple Zziwa.

Zziwa had also sought court to restrain the committee from conducting any further investigations in this matter or tabling any report in the Assembly pending the hearing and determination of the main case filed in the Court.

The Court in its ruling deemed it “appropriate that the Application be heard ex- parte at the first instance due to the urgency of the matter considering the Report of the aforementioned Committee is scheduled for tabling and discussion on 17th December 2014, and the Applicants fate as Speaker may well depend on the outcome of this particular sitting of the Assembly.”

The Court found that Zziwa “failed to prove the irreparable injustice that the process of the removal may cause her, as had been claimed in the application.”

It was also the Court’s view that “since the Applicant made representations to the Committee, to pre-judge the decision of this Committee and that of the Assembly would be unjust.”

The Court further noted that Article 53(3) of the Treaty provides for the removal of the Speaker of the Assembly and so any holder of the office ought to know that possibility is always alive and pursuing that course of action will not amount to irreparable injustice to the Applicant.

The Court declared it was unable to accept Zziwa’s case that she is entitled to any ex-parte orders. The Court thus ordered the Application be fixed for hearing inter parte on February 3, 2015. The Application was dismissed with no order as to cost.

The Assembly sat in an extraordinary meeting in Nairobi recently and voted to suspend Hon Zziwa for 21 days for incompetence, misconduct and poor governance.

In the interim, the parliament’s committee of legal affairs headed by Uganda’s Hon Dora Byamukama was tasked to handle the investigations into the speaker’s behaviour.

Hon Chris Opoka Okumu–also from Uganda was appointed to head the Assembly over the 21 days.

Zziwa anger 

Speaker Zziwa later told press she was stressed by the level of greed and lack of nationalism by her Ugandan counterparts who happen to be at the forefront of her suspension.

The visibly irate speaker accused Ugandan EALA representatives of speaking “bull****” and trying to suck in her husband Capt Francis Babu into the developing hullabaloo.

She brandished a copy of the censure motion which was signed by total of 29 out of 45 members, 5 of whom are Ugandans. The others are 9 from Rwanda, 9 from Burundi, 4 from Kenya only 2 from Tanzania.

President Museveni recently said complaints against Zziwa are “childish” and that in future; more scrutiny would be carried out before sending representatives to EALA.

 
East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA) speaker Margaret Zziwa has been impeached by MPs sitting in Arusha on grounds of incompetence, stomach http://cikza.com/wp-content/plugins/wp-super-cache/ossdl-cdn.php misconduct and poor governance, story Chimp Corps report.

35 voted for Zziwa’s ousting against only two who sided with her, underlining gross discontentment about his reign.

One lawmaker abstained during voting exercise that came after a fire-and-brimston plenary session on Wednesday afternoon.

This means 88 percent of EALA Parliament was against Zziwa’s leadership.

Hon Dora Byamukama was the first to vote.

She said, “In the next 2   year, I stand committed to what whatever it takes for this House to regain its dignity, honour and glory.”

MP Nusura Tiperu charged: “We Love the Speaker, but we love East Africa More. It has reached a time we make a decision for the people of East Africa.”

Ugandan MPs were given 48 hours to pick nomination forms to pick a new speaker.

Chris Opoka who presided over Zziwa’s impeachment announced that “should the seat of the Speaker fall vacant, Rules of Procedure dictate no business shall be transacted – House adjourned sine die.”

The latest development puts an end to the wrangling at the regional body’s law assembly. The infighting had paralysed business at EALA.

Zziwa’s overthrow comes just a day after the East African Court of Justice First Instance Division dismissed her application barring legislators from debating her removal from office.

The subject matter of the Application was to seek among others an order prohibiting and restraining EALA from convening today for purposes of considering a Report of the EALA Committee of Legal, Rules and Privileges intended to move a motion for resolution to topple Zziwa.

Zziwa had also sought court to restrain the committee from conducting any further investigations in this matter or tabling any report in the Assembly pending the hearing and determination of the main case filed in the Court.

The Court in its ruling deemed it “appropriate that the Application be heard ex- parte at the first instance due to the urgency of the matter considering the Report of the aforementioned Committee is scheduled for tabling and discussion on 17th December 2014, and the Applicants fate as Speaker may well depend on the outcome of this particular sitting of the Assembly.”

The Court found that Zziwa “failed to prove the irreparable injustice that the process of the removal may cause her, as had been claimed in the application.”

It was also the Court’s view that “since the Applicant made representations to the Committee, to pre-judge the decision of this Committee and that of the Assembly would be unjust.”

The Court further noted that Article 53(3) of the Treaty provides for the removal of the Speaker of the Assembly and so any holder of the office ought to know that possibility is always alive and pursuing that course of action will not amount to irreparable injustice to the Applicant.

The Court declared it was unable to accept Zziwa’s case that she is entitled to any ex-parte orders. The Court thus ordered the Application be fixed for hearing inter parte on February 3, 2015. The Application was dismissed with no order as to cost.

The Assembly sat in an extraordinary meeting in Nairobi recently and voted to suspend Hon Zziwa for 21 days for incompetence, misconduct and poor governance.

In the interim, the parliament’s committee of legal affairs headed by Uganda’s Hon Dora Byamukama was tasked to handle the investigations into the speaker’s behaviour.

Hon Chris Opoka Okumu–also from Uganda was appointed to head the Assembly over the 21 days.

Zziwa anger 

Speaker Zziwa later told press she was stressed by the level of greed and lack of nationalism by her Ugandan counterparts who happen to be at the forefront of her suspension.

The visibly irate speaker accused Ugandan EALA representatives of speaking “bull****” and trying to suck in her husband Capt Francis Babu into the developing hullabaloo.

She brandished a copy of the censure motion which was signed by total of 29 out of 45 members, 5 of whom are Ugandans. The others are 9 from Rwanda, 9 from Burundi, 4 from Kenya only 2 from Tanzania.

President Museveni recently said complaints against Zziwa are “childish” and that in future; more scrutiny would be carried out before sending representatives to EALA.

 
East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA) speaker Margaret Zziwa has been impeached by MPs sitting in Arusha on grounds of incompetence, unhealthy http://crewchiefpro.com/wp-includes/feed-rss2.php misconduct and poor governance, http://ctabuenosaires.org.ar/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-internal-pointers.php Chimp Corps report.

35 voted for Zziwa’s ousting against only two who sided with her, http://cremeriavienna.it/wp-admin/includes/file.php underlining gross discontentment about his reign.

One lawmaker abstained during voting exercise that came after a fire-and-brimston plenary session on Wednesday afternoon.

Lawmakers accused Zziwa of dictatorship, with one saying she “had turned us into gladiators.”

This means 88 percent of EALA Parliament was against Zziwa’s leadership.

Hon Dora Byamukama, who hostility towards Zziwa is well documented, was the first to vote.

She said, “In the next 2   year, I stand committed to what whatever it takes for this House to regain its dignity, honour and glory.”

MP Nusura Tiperu charged: “We Love the Speaker, but we love East Africa More. It has reached a time we make a decision for the people of East Africa.”

Ugandan MPs were given 48 hours to pick nomination forms to pick a new speaker.

Chris Opoka who presided over Zziwa’s impeachment announced that “should the seat of the Speaker fall vacant, Rules of Procedure dictate no business shall be transacted – House adjourned sine die.”

A new speaker will be elected soon to replace Zziwa.

The latest development also puts an end to the wrangling at the regional body’s law assembly. The infighting had paralysed business at EALA.

Zziwa’s overthrow comes just a day after the East African Court of Justice First Instance Division dismissed her application barring legislators from debating her removal from office.

The subject matter of the Application was to seek among others an order prohibiting and restraining EALA from convening today for purposes of considering a Report of the EALA Committee of Legal, Rules and Privileges intended to move a motion for resolution to topple Zziwa.

Zziwa had also sought court to restrain the committee from conducting any further investigations in this matter or tabling any report in the Assembly pending the hearing and determination of the main case filed in the Court.

The Court in its ruling deemed it “appropriate that the Application be heard ex- parte at the first instance due to the urgency of the matter considering the Report of the aforementioned Committee is scheduled for tabling and discussion on 17th December 2014, and the Applicants fate as Speaker may well depend on the outcome of this particular sitting of the Assembly.”

The Court found that Zziwa “failed to prove the irreparable injustice that the process of the removal may cause her, as had been claimed in the application.”

It was also the Court’s view that “since the Applicant made representations to the Committee, to pre-judge the decision of this Committee and that of the Assembly would be unjust.”

The Court further noted that Article 53(3) of the Treaty provides for the removal of the Speaker of the Assembly and so any holder of the office ought to know that possibility is always alive and pursuing that course of action will not amount to irreparable injustice to the Applicant.

The Court declared it was unable to accept Zziwa’s case that she is entitled to any ex-parte orders. The Court thus ordered the Application be fixed for hearing inter parte on February 3, 2015. The Application was dismissed with no order as to cost.

The Assembly sat in an extraordinary meeting in Nairobi recently and voted to suspend Hon Zziwa for 21 days for incompetence, misconduct and poor governance.

In the interim, the parliament’s committee of legal affairs headed by Uganda’s Hon Dora Byamukama was tasked to handle the investigations into the speaker’s behaviour.

Hon Chris Opoka Okumu–also from Uganda was appointed to head the Assembly over the 21 days.

Zziwa anger 

Speaker Zziwa later told press she was stressed by the level of greed and lack of nationalism by her Ugandan counterparts who happen to be at the forefront of her suspension.

The visibly irate speaker accused Ugandan EALA representatives of speaking “bull****” and trying to suck in her husband Capt Francis Babu into the developing hullabaloo.

She brandished a copy of the censure motion which was signed by total of 29 out of 45 members, 5 of whom are Ugandans. The others are 9 from Rwanda, 9 from Burundi, 4 from Kenya only 2 from Tanzania.

President Museveni recently said complaints against Zziwa are “childish” and that in future; more scrutiny would be carried out before sending representatives to EALA.

 
East Africa Legislative Assembly (EALA) speaker Margaret Zziwa has been impeached by MPs sitting in Arusha on grounds of incompetence, health http://dchnf.dk/wp-includes/class-wp-http-requests-hooks.php misconduct and poor governance, drug Chimp Corps report.

36 voted for Zziwa’s ousting against only two who sided with her, viagra underlining gross discontentment about his reign.

One lawmaker abstained during voting exercise that came after a fire-and-brimston plenary session on Wednesday afternoon.

This means 90 percent of EALA Parliament was against Zziwa’s leadership.

Hon Dora Byamukama was the first to vote.

She said, “In the next 2   year, I stand committed to what whatever it takes for this House to regain its dignity, honour and glory.”

MP Nusura Tiperu charged: “We Love the Speaker, but we love East Africa More. It has reached a time we make a decision for the people of East Africa.”

Ugandan MPs were given 48 hours to pick nomination forms to pick a new speaker.

Chris Opoka who presided over Zziwa’s impeachment announced that “should the seat of the Speaker fall vacant, Rules of Procedure dictate no business shall be transacted – House adjourned sine die.”

The latest development puts an end to the wrangling at the regional body’s law assembly. The infighting had paralysed business at EALA.

Zziwa’s overthrow comes just a day after the East African Court of Justice First Instance Division dismissed her application barring legislators from debating her removal from office.

The subject matter of the Application was to seek among others an order prohibiting and restraining EALA from convening today for purposes of considering a Report of the EALA Committee of Legal, Rules and Privileges intended to move a motion for resolution to topple Zziwa.

Zziwa had also sought court to restrain the committee from conducting any further investigations in this matter or tabling any report in the Assembly pending the hearing and determination of the main case filed in the Court.

The Court in its ruling deemed it “appropriate that the Application be heard ex- parte at the first instance due to the urgency of the matter considering the Report of the aforementioned Committee is scheduled for tabling and discussion on 17th December 2014, and the Applicants fate as Speaker may well depend on the outcome of this particular sitting of the Assembly.”

The Court found that Zziwa “failed to prove the irreparable injustice that the process of the removal may cause her, as had been claimed in the application.”

It was also the Court’s view that “since the Applicant made representations to the Committee, to pre-judge the decision of this Committee and that of the Assembly would be unjust.”

The Court further noted that Article 53(3) of the Treaty provides for the removal of the Speaker of the Assembly and so any holder of the office ought to know that possibility is always alive and pursuing that course of action will not amount to irreparable injustice to the Applicant.

The Court declared it was unable to accept Zziwa’s case that she is entitled to any ex-parte orders. The Court thus ordered the Application be fixed for hearing inter parte on February 3, 2015. The Application was dismissed with no order as to cost.

The Assembly sat in an extraordinary meeting in Nairobi recently and voted to suspend Hon Zziwa for 21 days for incompetence, misconduct and poor governance.

In the interim, the parliament’s committee of legal affairs headed by Uganda’s Hon Dora Byamukama was tasked to handle the investigations into the speaker’s behaviour.

Hon Chris Opoka Okumu–also from Uganda was appointed to head the Assembly over the 21 days.

Zziwa anger 

Speaker Zziwa later told press she was stressed by the level of greed and lack of nationalism by her Ugandan counterparts who happen to be at the forefront of her suspension.

The visibly irate speaker accused Ugandan EALA representatives of speaking “bull****” and trying to suck in her husband Capt Francis Babu into the developing hullabaloo.

She brandished a copy of the censure motion which was signed by total of 29 out of 45 members, 5 of whom are Ugandans. The others are 9 from Rwanda, 9 from Burundi, 4 from Kenya only 2 from Tanzania.

President Museveni recently said complaints against Zziwa are “childish” and that in future; more scrutiny would be carried out before sending representatives to EALA.

 
Mushroom growing is a neglected agricultural activity in Uganda. They exist in different varieties and are now on high demand in the country by individual homes and institutions like schools and hotels.

The complete growth cycle is on average 15 weeks even when using rudimentary methods. However, more about http://ckls.org/wp-content/plugins/jetpack/class.jetpack-network.php with modern methods the mushrooms begin to sprout after 1-3 days.

Commercial introduction of mushrooms started in 1989 following the government introduction of Oyster mushrooms from Egypt to Kawanda Agricultural Research Institute (KARI).

Today, page http://cloudninerealtime.com/wp-content/plugins/woocommerce/includes/abstracts/abstract-wc-product.php thanks to help from Charlie Fraser and Max Coulter, Mwenya is now the proud owner of a basic microbiology laboratory which is used to reproduce mushrooms and produce the spore currently being used. All the mushrooms are sold to Uganda Mushroom Cultivators Ltd (UMC), a co-operative group which works very closely to Mwenya.

Mushrooms need to be grown in a rather damp enclosed shelter with limited light. In Uganda, mushrooms are commonly grown by having polythene bags suspended from ceilings and rooftops of grass thatched huts. The polythene bags are usually stuffed with damp cotton seedlings as well as maize brand, cotton or timber waste.

The mushrooms should be coming out after watering for a period of 5-7 days. However, with modern methods, they’ll start to sprout after 1-3 days. The harvesting may last for say three weeks to one and a half months.

Since it is purely done indoors, it creates employment opportunities to many especially housewives. It is a simple process and doesn’t require a lot of expertise and intensive care leaving a lot of time for one to concentrate on other activities.

It needs very little space and can even be grown in your own backyard or a store.

Mushrooms have been scientifically known to develop and strengthen the immune system of humans as they are rich in protein value and are also low on calories. In fact a Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) 2010 Ugandan report mentions that mushrooms are increasingly being considered as a substitute for meat.

Furthermore, they have various medicinal and health related benefits and are also used as dietary supplements for various physiological disorders and hence build body tissue.

Unfortunately, mushrooms are not considered a necessity by many Ugandans and therefore the market is limited. I however believe that the demand still outstrips the supply and with an increasing middle class, it’s expected that demand will continue to grow.

Mushrooms are also highly perishable and need to either be consumed first or immediately preserved after harvest. This can be done through freezing or drying them. A tunnel dryer is usually recommended for drying. This might be a little costly.

Also, identifying and consuming only the edible types is quite a challenge as poisonous types with harmful toxins grow widely. One might have to consult an expert in order to tell them apart before consumption.

I believe, with combined efforts, mushroom growing can become popular and generate a lot of money for Ugandans.

The price of fresh mushrooms ranges from Shs 5,000 to Shs10, 000 per kilogram and dried mushrooms range from Shs20, 000 to 40,000 per kilogram. Ofcourse, this changes overtime.

Investment is also not costly as one seed sachet (100gm) May vary from Shs 10,000 to shs15,000. One sachet may plant 15 polythene bags, each polythene bag yielding between 3-5 kgs.

Mercy Kyobutungi Cynthia

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