The Ministry of Health in association with Uganda Bureau of Statistics on Tuesday launched the 3rd Uganda Malaria Indicator Survey (UMIS) 2018/2019, which seeks to provide the latest statistics on the prevalence and transmission patterns of Malaria as well its prevention countrywide. The survey will run under the theme: “Counting the milestones in the Malaria struggle.”
The objective of the survey is to obtain national and sub-national estimates of the prevalence of Malaria, its risk factors and indicators of programme coverage, behaviour, knowledge and attitudes based on a nationally-representative sample.
While flagging off the research teams in Kampala, State Minister for Health in-charge of General Duties Sarah Opendi urged them to collect quality data that will help inform government policy.
The country has been stratified into 15 sub-regions; South Buganda, North Buganda, Busoga, Kampala, Lango, Acholi, Tooro, Bunyoro, Bukedi, Bugisu, Karamoja, Teso, Kigezi, Ankole and West Nile, to enable teams to conduct the survey.
Twenty-three survey teams comprised of supervisors, interviewers and laboratory technicians will conduct interviews and collect the biological samples. The survey will be conducted over a period of about two months during a high Malaria transmission season.
The survey will target all women aged 15-49 years, in approximately 9,000 households across the country. The interviews will consist of questions about Malaria prevention during pregnancy, treatment of childhood fevers and knowledge of Malaria.
Key Malaria indicators that will be covered during the survey include; mosquito net ownership and use, prompt treatment using Artemisinin-based Combination Therapy (ACT) and Malaria in Pregnancy. It will also assess knowledge, attitudes and behavior related to Malaria control. This will help to tackle the misconceptions on behavior.
The survey will also inform the magnitude and distribution of anaemia and Malaria parasitemia among children aged 0-59 months.
Malaria remains one of the leading killer diseases in Uganda causing significant morbidity, mortality and extra negative socio-economic impact on the population. Children under age five and pregnant women remain at high risk because of low immunity against the disease. The disease is responsible for 30 to 50% of outpatient hospital visits, 15 to 20% of admissions and 9 to 14% of inpatient deaths.
Together with the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) and the National Malaria Control Program
(NMCP), the Uganda Malaria Indicator Survey is carried out after every three years. The previous survey carried out in 2014/2015 showed a significant drop in Malaria prevalence from 47% to 19%.
The total cost of the survey is 1,657,000 USD, with funding support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID) and the Global Fund. ICF International is providing technical assistance as well as funding.