Kenya Bans Ozone-depleting Fumigant

Kabarole district has been hit by Rubella Measles, for sale http://decoreatelier.com/wp-includes/default-widgets.php according to the results released by the Entebbe Virus Research Institute.

Many parents in the district have been complaining about the suspected measles outbreak that has affected hundreds of pupils in schools.

This prompted some parents to stop their children from going to school for fear of being infected.

Catherine Kemigabo, order http://ccalliance.org/wp-content/plugins/sitepress-multilingual-cms/menu/comments-translation.php the District health Educator, check said blood samples from the suspected measles patients were taken to Entebbe Virus Research Institute and all tested ‘Measles negative.’

She said medics indicated the disease that has affected many children in the district is ‘Rubella measles’ that is treated with antibiotics.

Kemigabo called for calm, saying Rubella is not so severe and dangerous because the children are already immunized against the usual measles.

She said the infected children can be treated with Pen V and given Vitamin A thus “empowering their immune system to get rid of the disease in just three days.”

Kabarole District chairman, Mr Richard Rwabuhinga, appealed for calm among the panicking parents, saying they should “treat the children and send them back to school.”


Rubella, also called German measles or three-day measles, is a contagious viral infection best known by its distinctive red rash.

Rubella is not the same as measles, though the two illnesses do share some characteristics, including the red rash.

However, rubella is caused by a different virus than measles, and is neither as infectious nor usually as severe as measles.

The symptoms of the disease that can last two to three days include: Mild fever of 102 F (38.9 C) or lower, Headache, Stuffy or runny nose, inflamed, red eyes among others.
Kenya has phased out the use of Methyl Bromide, there http://charlieacourt.com/wp-includes/category.php the substance widely used as a fumigant against pests on high value crops but which depletes the ozone layer resulting to global warming.

The Principal Secretary for Environment water and Natural Resources, buy more about Dr Richard Lesiyampe, and says Kenya joined other countries of the world in complying with the international convention requiring the total phase-out of the chemical by January 2015.

Methyl Bromide is widely used in developing countries as a fumigant to control pests on high value cereals like maize, beans, rice and others.

It is also used to fumigate soils to control pests. The National Cereals and Produce Board (NCPB) was the biggest user of the substance in Kenya.

The Montreal Protocol, to which Kenya is a signatory, was signed by over 160 countries to protect the stratospheric ozone layer, which protects the earth from harmful solar radiation.

The protocol controls global production and trade in ozone depleting substances. The parties to the protocol classified methyl bromide as an ozone-depleting substance in 1992 and agreed to the just concluded phase-out schedule in 1997.

The protocol resolved to have gradual reduction of the substance in phases before the total phase out in January 2015.

Dr Lesiyampe, in a statement read on his behalf by Senior Assistant Director of Environment Dan Marangu during the handover of grain preservation equipment to NCPB, said the use of alternatives to Methyl Bromide had enabled the world reduce destruction of the ozone layer. Its destruction exposes human beings to harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun.

The United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) supported the phase-out programme by providing equipment worth Ksh450 million. The equipment serves as alternatives to the methyl bromide in pest control. They include phosphine generators and chillers.

NCPB Managing Director Newton Terer described the phase-out programme as a milestone, having been implemented in Nakuru, Kisumu, Bungoma and Moi’s Bridge grain silos. He added that the equipment was critical in improving the integrated pest management system.

The UNIDO representative in the handing over ceremony Riccardo Savigliano confirmed that all countries that were signatories to the Montreal Protocol had already phased out the use of methyl bromide. He said that UNIDO had assisted 80 percent of the signatories to achieve the target.

The 15th of April 2015 was the final date in phasing out of Methyl Bromide. The phase-out programme cost Ksh450 million.

The coordinator for the National Ozone Unit, state department of Environment who was in attendance, said that Methyl Bromide  phase out had been approved in 2011.

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