The Education and Sports Performance Report for the Financial Year 2019/2020 has revealed that the Ministry of Education and Sports received 99.07% of funds allocated to it in the just concluded financial year.
When budgets for various sectors are passed by Parliament, one is never certain that all the funds will be released by the Ministry of Finance.
However, for the case of the Education sector, the Education and Sports Performance Report for the 2019/20 financial year launched in Kampala on Wednesday by the Minister of State for Higher Education John Chrysestom Muyingo revealed that the financial year budget release for the Education Ministry performed at 99.07%.
The Report details were presented to the stakeholders in the education sector by the Ministry of Education and Sports Permanent Secretary Alex Kakooza.
“The education and sports sector budget release for the FY 2019/2020 performed at 99.07%. That is; 3,052.59 billion shillings was released out of the total sector approved budget of 3,081.35 billion excluding external financing,” said Kakooza while presenting the Report.
The approved recurrent wage budget was 17.81 billion shillings and the release performed at 100%.
The approved non wage recurrent budget was 234.87 billion shillings, out of which 231.77 billion (98.68%) was released and 219.25 billion shillings (94.60%) of the release was spent.
Kakooza said that the sub sector allocation was highest at primary sub sector with 37.48%, followed by tertiary at 25.27%, followed by the secondary sub sector at 19.51%, followed by BTVET (Business Technical Vocational Education and Training) at 11.82% while the rest received 5.91%.
The Report revealed that a total of 106.267 billion shillings capitation grant was paid for 7.474 million pupils in 12,468 schools at a unit cost of 12,000 shillings per pupil compared to 75.240 billion paid for 7.29 million pupils at a unit cost of 10,000 shillings in 12,432 UPE schools in 2019/20 financial year translating into a 29% increase.
For the case of secondary education, Kakooza said, “we paid capitation grants amounting to 130.742 billion for 703,442 USE (Universal Secondary Education) and 56,383 UPOLET students in 1,906 USE/ UPOLET schools as compared to 137.430 billion paid for 920,971 USE; 68,667 UPOLET students in the Financial Year 2018/19.”
The 5% reduction in capitation grants, he explained, was due to the phasing out if the PPP program.
The Education Ministry completed the construction works in 5 primary schools under the emergency construction project.
The overall pupil classroom ratio improved by 6 points from 55:1 in 2017/18 financial year to 49:1 in 2019/20 financial year.
Under the Uganda Inter Governmental Transfers (UgIFT) Programme, the sub sector planned to construct 117 new schools in 125 sub counties without. By the end of the period under review, 32 schools were at finishing stage, 59 at roofing stage and 25 schools at beam level.
Despite the above achievements and many more, the sector also faced a number of challenges.
They include among others; inadequate learning physical facilities leading to congestion in education institutions, increasing cases of land wrangles and grabbing of school/ institution land, inadequate housing for teachers leading to reduced time on task, inadequate resources to raise staff levels at public universities to at least 50% for academic staff and inadequate wage in some districts to accommodate the allocated number of teachers within the given staff ceiling.
Others include; shortage of trained tutors, instructors, assessors and practitioners in majority of the training institutions which limits effective teaching and supervision and inadequate inspection of learning institutions due to limited resources.
The Ministry will among other commitments;
- Continue to make annual allocations for development of physical infrastructure (classrooms, laboratories, libraries, teachers’ houses among others).
- Prioritize the titling of land for all Government education institutions.
- Continue sensitizing parents on their roles and responsibilities.
- Continue to recruit additional teaching staff for all education institutions and also replace those who have left the service.
- Digitalize inspection tools for use during inspection to get real time inspection data.
- Make effective and efficient use of the available resources.