Demand for Lion, Tiger Bones in Asia Fuels Big Cats Poaching in Africa

High demand of lions and tiger bones for medicine in the Asian markets is fueling rapid killing these cats across Africa.

A research by World Animal Protection reveals that lions and tigers of sizes around the world are being poached at a higher rate.

Their bones are said to be used in products believed to treat rheumatism, promote strength and increase sexual vigor.

Some are used to make wines and ointments.

Body parts, especially bones from big cats such as lions and tigers are used in traditional Asian medicine, found mainly in Asian countries such as China and Vietnam.

Although there’s little to no robust evidence to suggest that these products have any medicinal value, worryingly, the demand for wildlife traditional Asian medicine is growing.

The report lists a number of factors contributing to this trend, including an increase in people with higher disposable incomes in regions where products are popular.

The report documents the suffering that these animals are subjected to, caged in tiny enclosures resembling industrial factory farms.


In Asia, rows of bare and barren battery-style cells house hundreds of tigers as well as lions.

In South Africa, lion cubs are seen pacing around crying, and in another image, a motionless lion cub so deformed that it has missing limbs because of inbreeding, can be seen.

According to Patrick Muinde a Research Manager at World Animal Protection, big cats, mainly lion cubs, are born into a life of exploitation.

He says some are snatched from their mothers in the wild, and many are born at breeding facilities.

“They start their lives on petting farms, then once juveniles, they are used for ‘walking with lions’ experiences. Their lives then take a deadly turn as they are moved to game farms for sport hunting. Skins and heads are taken as trophies, and bones are legally exported through the skeleton quota – unique to South Arica. The bones are exported to Asia to supplement the illegal trade of tiger bone products, where they are processed into medicines and wines.”

He adds, “As the demand for traditional medicine and use of lions and tiger products continues to grow, in Asian markets, the numbers of African big cats will continue to plummet due to poaching of endangered wild big cats – all in the name of traditional Asian medicine whose efficacy has not been confirmed by modern science.  This needs to stop.”

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