EXCLUSIVE: M23 Sets Terms For Laying Down Arms

buy information pills geneva; font-size: small; line-height: 26px; text-align: justify;”>The terms include release of political prisoners affiliated to the rebel group, declaring Kivu a disaster area and formally recognizing the ranks of the military and police on the basis of M23 OB (Order of Battle) presented by the movement.

The rebels also want Kabila to organize, “without delay, provincial, urban and municipal elections and local throughout the territory of the Republic, in accordance with section 1 of Law No. 06/006 09 March 2006 on the organization of elections in the DRC.”

The demands are contained in M23’s proposed draft peace agreement presented to Dr Crispus Kiyonga, the mediator of peace talks in Kampala early this week.

M23 sources tell Chimpreports they expect DRC government representatives in Kampala to sign the agreement “if Kinshasha is interested in peace.”


An investigation by this website indicates that since April 3 when M23 representatives returned from their base in Bunagana to participate in peace talks with the DRC delegation in Kampala, the two parties have only met once.

“The DRC government expects to use military means and support from the UN intervention Brigade to defeat M23 and are now indifferent towards the negotiations,” said a military source.

This unresponsiveness on the part of DRC has reportedly encouraged M23 to step up preparations for war against Kabila’s government and UN Brigade that will comprise troops from South Africa, Malawi and Tanzania.


M23 want the DRC Government to show commitment to creating a special structure for national reconciliation and should “enjoy financial and administrative autonomy and placed under the authority of the President and supported by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations for the Great Lakes Region.”

The rebels further ask Kabila to apply the provisions of Article 175 of the Constitution relating to the withholding of 40 percent of revenues from the public treasury, and within 45 days to enact a law establishing the classification of tax revenues and their allocation.

M23 says government must apply the provisions of Articles 2 and 3 of the Constitution establishing 25 provinces plus the city of Kinshasa and enact an organic law on the composition, organization and functioning of the decentralized territorial entities and their relations with the State and the Provinces.

M23 soldiers in Bunagana

Led by Bertrand Bisiimwa, the mutineers say DRC government should organize, without delay, provincial, urban and municipal elections and local throughout the territory of the Republic, in accordance with prescribed in section 1 of Law No. 06/006 09 March 2006 on the organization of elections in the DRC.

The DRC Government is also expected to strengthen regional cooperation and economic integration through the accession to the Community of the East Africa (East African Community).

“It should revitalize the Economic Community of Great Lakes Countries (CEPGL) supporting the implementation of its economic development objective and sub-regional integration,” part of the draft agreement reads in part.

“Because of recurring wars that led to the destruction of infrastructure, socio-economic fabric, fracture social cohesion and the absence of any prospect of development due to deficiency of a lasting peace and security in recent decades in the east of the Republic, the Government undertakes to declare the eastern part of the DRC (North Kivu, South Kivu, Ituri, Haut-Ouele, Maniema and Tanganyika) as a “disaster area,” it adds.

The rebels say the declared “disaster area” should enjoy a special administrative status; unique special development plan; broad fiscal and financial autonomy and specified operational concept for its security.

M23 leader Brig Sultani Makenga (in jacket) under tight security in Bunagana

It further says DRC must facilitate the integration of policy frameworks of M23 and those considered as such and government should involve leaders of the movement in the management of national institutions through government centers, diplomacy/ Chancelleries, public enterprises, provinces and general Staff.


Regarding national reconciliation, Kinshasha is required to enact amnesty provision for acts of war and insurrection covering the period from May 7 2009 until the end of the implementation of Agreement and in accordance with international law.

“In order to strengthen the democratic debate and to participate in national politics, the M23 is committed to become a political party. However, it reserves the right to change its name,” the proposed draft agreement reads in part.

Should these conditions be fulfilled, M23 says it is committed to conduct joint operations with government to participate in peacekeeping operations and stabilization of the eastern part.

To pacify sustainably eastern part of the Republic and effectively participate in the stabilization of the Great Lakes Region, M23 argues, these operations should be conducted over a period of five years, renewable and will aim to the final eradication of all foreign negative forces (LRA, ADF-NALU, FNL, FDLR) operating from the Congolese territory.

It further stresses the rebels should be repatriated to their countries of origin of all prisoners captured during those operations.

“Therefore, there will be the composition and articulation of joint forces (FARDC-ARC) to carry out such operations and reach, within a reasonable time to the expected results.”

A female M23 soldier in DRC

The group which rose up in arms in 2013 says to “end impunity in the national army the DRC government should set up a joint commission of independent investigation to shed light on selective assassinations in the national army, soldiers in Kamina, in Dungu, in Rutshuru, Shabunda in South Kivu and elsewhere, so that the sponsors of these acts will be brought before the competent courts.”

M23 further pledges to participate in the development of local communities to national parks and given the fact that they all suffered from the consequences of repeated wars, both parties should undertake initiatives to promote the tourism industry and to assign 100 percent of tourism revenue development of these populations.

“This base will be managed jointly by the permanent local conciliation committees and development structure to be agreed by both parties.”

M23 contends that given the principle of the continuity of the State, the Government of the DRC should recognize all the political and administrative acts within entities under administration M23.


DRC is mandated to facilitate access to education for all, relating to compulsory and free education primary and in accordance with the objectives of the Millennium Development Goals advocated by United Nations.

And in order to strengthen the Congolese justice system and to ensure the independence of the judiciary, in accordance with Articles 149 and 223 of the Constitution, the Government of the DRC is required to break the current Supreme Court into three judicial branches which include the Constitutional Court and Council of State.

M23 asserts to strengthen and secure the organizations defending human rights and in accordance with international agreements, the Government of DRC must within fifteen days ensure National Assembly passes the Law on the Establishment of a Commission National Human Rights for the promotion of human rights and fundamental freedoms, as guaranteed by Article 12 of the Constitution.

“In order to guarantee freedom of information and transmission of radio and television, as guaranteed by Article 24 of the Constitution of the Republic, the Government of the DRC is committed to establish a commission autonomous and independent investigation to shed light on the evil destruction of various independent media (RLTV, Canal future Channel TV …). The commission will decide on the identity of the sponsors, repair damage, compensation for agents of these media and their social reintegration,” the proposed draft agreement further reads.

It adds: “In the spirit of Article 51 of the Constitution, the Government of the DRC shall, within a period not exceeding three months to set up a local police force made up of local staff. The Government is also committed to penalize acts, words, attitudes, expressions in whatever form, that convey thoughts xenophobia, racism, tribalism and discriminatory.”

M23 maintains to achieve sustainable peace and limit any form of rancor, the DRC government has to implement a mixed structure (Government-M23) for specialized care for war wounded, widows and orphans, victims of sexual violence and those experienced by the various armed eastern DRC conflict.

The Movement notes that when the eastern part of the DRC is secure, free of all foreign negative forces and all armed groups, IDPs and refugees should be returned, resettled and reintegrated into their places of origin.


In this project, M23 says it will lay down weapons, demobilize and never participate in subversive activities again.

And for effective implementation of prescribed the Kampala Accord, M23 says DRC should agree to the establishment of a National Joint Committee (Government – M23) and an International Committee for support and monitoring.

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