Health

Child Malnutrition Worsens in South Sudan

“We are now witnessing the shocking, ambulance http://coffinpump.com/wp-includes/option.php cumulative consequences of one million people being displaced from their homes, cost http://charadas.org/wp-includes/template.php ” said Raphael Gorgeu, viagra sale MSF head of mission in South Sudan, referring to the war in as a man-made disaster that has forced hundreds out of their homes with others now living in the bush, drinking dirty swamp water and surviving on plant roots.

In a release Monday which Chimpreports has seen, Raphel points to Upper Nile, Unity and Jonglei States as having the worst case scenarios since the conflict erupted in South Sudan in December last year.

According to MSF, 40 cases of malnutrition were being handled every month in the town of Leer in Unity State but this has shot up to more than 1,000 new cases on the onset of the hostilities.

The worrying state of malnutrition became visible in Unity State after people who had fled for their lives and living in the bush started returning back home especially in Leer.

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Kids under the age of five suffered most with 73 percent of the 23,270 cases registered compared to the 18,125 admissions made during the whole of 2013.


“Violence, displacement and food shortages are the leading causes of the spike in malnutrition rates and the increasing numbers of children requiring urgent medical care”

Sarah Maynard, MSF project coordinator in Leer said the survivors started streaming into the hospitals in big numbers with startling level of malnutrition, with 3,810 cases registered between May and June only.


Deaths


In Bentiu, 42 children have been confirmed dead out of the 239 cases of admission at MSF facility set up to treat severely malnourished people with other related medical complications including diarrhoea, chest infections and dehydration.

In Jonglei state, MSF facilities in Lankien and Yuai have seen a 60 percent increase in admissions in the first six months of the year compared to the same period last year, from an average of 175 per month in 2013 to 290 admissions per month in 2014 so far.

In Upper Nile State, MSF teams have admitted 2,064 people, mostly children, in the area north of Malakal. A recent mortality survey carried out there revealed very high death rates.

“Displaced people are forced to endure terrible living conditions and are dying from preventable illnesses,” said Patricia Trigales, MSF emergency medical coordinator.

In a struggle to save lives, MSF teams is providing basic primary healthcare to hundreds of refugees crossing the border every day into the Gambella region where refugees are all malnourished and in dire need.

Testimonies from refugee describe the availability of food and safe shelter as important motivation for crossing to Gambella.

“In May, South Sudanese fled because of the fighting,” said Dr. Natalie Roberts, MSF medical coordinator in Gambella. “Now they say they have left their country because of food deprivation.”


The vast numbers of displaced people in the bush have lost their cattle, crops, seeds and farming implements. They are trying to survive on a diet of roots and leaves, while living amidst muddy swamp water.


Existing food stocks have been destroyed or looted. Markets have been disrupted and roads are impassable due to the conflict. The ongoing rainy season and annual “lean season” (usually from June to August, when food is scarce) are exacerbating the food crisis.


“Many people are now entirely dependent on humanitarian assistance to survive and will be for the foreseeable future” said Gorgeu. “Continued humanitarian assistance in South Sudan is absolutely crucial to alleviate some of the suffering this conflict has caused.”

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