Agriculture Taxes: Kiwanuka Contradicted President and Farmers not Happy

viagra 100mg geneva; font-size: small; line-height: 150%;”>For farmers this was the most confusing and bad news of the 2014/2015 budget speech.

From hoes, pangas, acaricides, pesticides, seeds, wheel barrows, milk cans, packaging material etc, now farmers will have to pay more and hope to recover their costs when they put their products to the market through high prices. But few farmers in Uganda make it to output market places, as many are unfortunately still subsistence with unviable surpluses.

The assumptive argument at the Ministry of Finance that many small holder farmers will not be affected since they don’t engage in inputs markets is at most wayward and diversionary. The argument is also careless and lazy, because it seems to rather celebrate perpetuation of subsistence agriculture in Uganda.

Millions of farmers, since they no longer have seed rights expressed through home grain granaries etc. have to buy seed and other implements in open input markets. The inputs traders will just pass the VAT incidence to farmers.

And 98 percent of these farmers have not rights under our obtaining tax code to claim VAT returns from the Uganda Revenue Authority (URA) since they don’t have a requisite turnover of shs 50 million and above to qualify for VAT tax returns.


Whereas, paying taxes is a good thing- and equally expanding tax base is a legitimate pursuit of any Nation State, taxing instead of incentivizing agriculture in Uganda’s circumstance is a big mistake. Even when taxing agriculture, it is grave to tax inputs because such undertaking increases initial cost stream and discourages investment in the sector.

Taxing agriculture outputs/products is instead logical- because then that becomes income tax, and any taxation on profits makes sense. Say if for example a farmer puts two tons of coffee on the market per annum, a 5 percent tax or so is affordable and legitimate.

If a beef farmer puts on the market 30 or so animals on the market per annum, a similar foregoing tax can be levied and that is reasonable. But to put a tax on the pumps and acaricides this beef farmer needs to raise animals competitively is simply wayward.

Such state of affairs has implications for food and nutrition security but also for household incomes, investments, productivity and competitiveness of agriculture sector. We must take note that competitiveness is essentially a result of reduced cost of production- yet these taxes will serve an opposite purpose!

In a recent cost of doing business and post budget dialogue for businesses in Mityana and Mubende hosted by Agency for Transformation with support from USAID-GAPP-RTI program, farmers and other agriculture chain actors argued that these farmer targeted taxes will inhibit production and are tangential to the spirit of the State of the Nation address that was delivered by President Museveni.

The President was categorical that agriculture was to be supported to create employment, improve exports, support income improvement and help create business farmers who are competitive.

Farmers want Ministry of Finance and Parliament to correct distortions in Hon. Ministers Kiwanuka’s budget that taxed farmers to death in contradiction of President’s State of the Nation Address.

By removing all value chain support equipment and supplies tax incentives, it will get worse for the already expensive machinery and equipment / spare-parts that farmers urgently need to produce and govern markets.

Inputs like seeds, fertilizer, pesticides are very expensive so far and it will only worsen farmers’ situation and productivity will be affected. Intermediate inputs like packaging will become even more expensive and yet essential for placement, storage of products and value addition.

We must remember that our competitors in the region bring finished products already packed and yet we only charge them on finished products! As Parliament takes on scrutiny of the budget numbers, it’s my expectation that keen interest on this avalanche of agriculture taxes will be self-evident – and these input taxes will be scrapped.

Morrison Rwakakamba

Chief Executive Officer, Agency for Transformation – Think and Do tank.

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