South Sudan

S. Sudanese In Diaspora Urge Obama on Machar Rebels

treatment http://catrinmacdonnell.co.uk/wp-admin/includes/class-wp-list-table-compat.php geneva; font-size: small; line-height: 200%;”>Led by Sabit Boules, treatment http://chopcult.com/wp-content/plugins/wp-postviews/templates/images/secure.php President of South Sudanese Civil Society in State of Nebraska, http://conforms.com/wp-content/plugins/contact-form-7/admin/admin.php USA, the Diaspora urged Obama to pay close attention to massacres committed by rebels in Bentiu and Bor as the country moves closer to experiencing genocide as it happened in Rwanda in 1994.


“Sadly, given the scores of ethnical targeted killings recently carried out in Malakal, Bor and Bantiu, our country is inching closer to Rwanda, but nobody seems to care,” Sabit told President Obama in a letter dated April 24, which Chimpreports has seen.


He further pressed Obama to “discourage the warring parties, especially rebels, from carrying on the destructive military campaigns. It must be made in the clearest term possible that overthrowing the elected government by force is unacceptable to both the regional and international community.”


War broke out in South Sudan last year with soldiers loyal to sacked Vice President Riek Machar attempting to overthrow Kiir.


Uganda quickly intervened, sending Machar’s men to the bushes thus consolidating Kiir’s hold on power.

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However, the war has in the last few months escalated, leading to the destruction of property and loss of thousands of lives.


The peace talks aimed at finding a home-grown and political solution to the crisis are under way in Ethiopia.


Below is Sabit’s letter to Obama

April 24, 2014


President Obama


1600 Pennsylvania Ave NW


Washington, DC 20500


We, the executive body and the board members of South Sudanese Civil Society in the state of Nebraska, would like to commend your Excellency for your unwavering support for the people of South Sudan.

On the behalf of Sudan Sudanese people, especially South Sudanese Americans, we would like to register our great gratitude for the attention that your administration has always given to the internal and external issues affecting the stability of our country.

Also, we are thankful for the supportive role your Excellency played leading to the end of the interim period, resulting in conduction of the long-awaited referendum in peacefully and timely manner.

Moreover, we are grateful for the role played by your administration in settling the post-referendum issues between Juba and Khartoum.

We, the people of South Sudan, owe great gratitude to the American people, legislators, especially the members of the congress, and many American presidents for always supporting our cause.

It was the American people who lobbied their representatives and senators on the behalf of the people of South Sudan to enact Sudan Peace Act, which facilitate a comprehensive solution to the long-fought civil war.

Likewise, it was President Clinton who imposed the economic sanctions that broke the will of Al-Bashir regime to continue the war, thus accepted the negotiation as the only means to resolve the conflict.

Similarly, it was the pressure exerted on the Khartoum regime by President George W. Bush that led to the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, formally known as CPA. Equally, it was the leadership shown by your Excellency that ensured the smooth secession of the Republic of South Sudan, on July 9th, 2011.

Sadly, two years after its independence, South Sudan’s viability has been shaken to its core by the current unfolding crisis. As your Excellency is well aware, the origin of the current crisis is very much rooted in the power struggle within SPLM party, not in the principles of democracy as some politicians might want us to believe.

To many of us, some of the elites to this conflict are perfidious politicians who betrayed the aspirations of our people to build peaceful and tolerant society and prosperous nation.

To our dismay, our political leaders, turned out to be bombastic leaders, who always make grand promises, but fail to deliver on their promises. The time has proven it again and again that their actions always belie their words. So, our people lost trust in their sugar-coated lies about how they will turn our country to paradise, when it is their time to lead.

To make matters worse, most of our political leaders, especially those who are leading the rebellion, are intransigent, when it comes to advancing their own political interest, even if the country’s existence at stake.

They will not hesitate to exploit the situation to their advantage, if they are left to their own devices.

The current unfolding crisis started as a political conflict, but it quickly took an ethnical dimension, when some of the parties to the conflict used a tribal card to recruit young men from their tribesmen into their forces, with hope of settling the conflict through the military means, rather than political settlement.

Rwanda experience


Sadly, given the scores of ethnical targeted killings recently carried out in Malakal, Bor and Bantiu, our country is inching closer to Rwanda, but nobody seems to care.


That being said, we would like to voice our grave concern for the speed at which the current crisis is unraveling, and the rate at which the military conflict is escalating, especially in the recent weeks.

Also, we condemn in the strongest term possible the recent killing of innocent civilians seeking refuge at UNMISS base in Bor by the armed youth from Bor Community, in which over one hundred people were shot to death and about three hundreds wounded.

By the same token, we condemn in unequivocal term, the extrajudicial killings of innocent civilians carried out by the rebels group against powerless civilians on the pretext of being government supporters, in which over four hundred people were murdered in cold blood. Moreover, we denounce the use of a radio by the rebels to spread hate speech in Bantiu town and its vicinities.

As the vast majority of South Sudanese were born in the midst of human carnage that has submerged the native country of Sudan for many decades, we are appalled to see our country being embroiled in shameful discretional conflict that brought with it indescribable destruction to both lives and properties.

Since the British Empire granted our forefathers the right of sovereignty, our homeland had never experienced state tranquillity as it fell in the endless cycles of wars.

Therefore, it breaks our hearts to see our people running back to the refugees’ camps scattered in the neighbouring countries, in which they had lived during the years of the previous conflicts.

Most importantly, it pains us to see the lives of our children being defined by another endless civil war, thus bearing the invisible scars of our troubled homeland, as we are still bearing the psychological wounds of the previous conflicts.

Attention

As such, we would kindly like to ask your Excellency to pay much needed attention to the current crisis that is threatening the core existence of our country. Also, we ask you to firmly stand with the people of South Sudan, rather than siding with particular leaders.

Moreover, we urge your administration to stand at equal distances from the warring parties, thus avoiding the risk of being seen by the people of South Sudan as siding with one party against the other.

Furthermore, we ask your Excellency to equally send very clear message to the warring parties that killing of civilians will not be tolerated, and any party, or individual found to be committing massacre, or any crime against humanity will be held accountable to the fullest extent of the law.

Lastly, we are thankful for the support that your administration has rendered to the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) on their efforts to break the peaceful settlement between the warring parties; and we ask for continual of the support in this regard. To realize a peace in our country, we strong believe that the following measures need to be taken:

I. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) needs to be supported in its efforts to send the deterrence forces into South Sudan, which are needed for the protection of human lives and vital country’s installations, especially big urban centers.

II. The warring parties need to be pressured to immediately cease the hostilities, and sign the permanent ceasefire.

III. It must be made crystal clear to the warring parties that soul-reaching negotiations are the only alternatives to securing everlasting peace, not military victories as some may want to believe.

IV. To discourage the warring parties, especially rebels, from carrying on the destructive military campaigns, it must be made in the clearest term possible that overthrowing the elected government by force is unacceptable to both the regional and international community.

V. To encourage the peace talks, the anticipated sanctions should be withheld for the potential harmful economical impacts that they might inflict on the ordinary citizens, rather on the targeted leaders. However, should the situation necessitate the proposed sanctions, then they need to be equally applied to all parties, thus preventing unsanctioned leaders to act with impunity.

VI. The warring parties need to be pressured to negotiate with good faith by putting the interest of the country above that of their own.

VII. After the peace agreement between the warring parties is secured, the constitutional conference needs to be organized, in which all of the stakeholders, including civil society organizations and church leaders, will be allowed to participate in writing the permanent constitution.

Sincerely/ Sabit Boules

President of South Sudanese Civil Society in State of Nebraska, USA.

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